Remonzer’s Weblog

everything that I am learning in EDUC 628

21st Century Bloom April 4, 2008

Filed under: EDUC 628 — remonzer @ 11:02 pm

Between the last two semesters Bloom’s Taxonomy has come up and different views have been expressed, some of which lead to the fact that my thinking in this realm are enormously affected by BT because I committed the list to memory during my undergraduate studies and am now hardwired for them. 

That is one of the reasons that I was glad to find this article at:  The title is Bloom’s Taxonomy Blooms Digitally. 

It is quite lengthy, but I will try to summarize.  For those who are interested in more detail, please check out the site.

 Fast forward to the 21st century and Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy List looks like this:


recognizing, listing, describing, identifying, retrieving, naming, locating, finding, Bullet pointing, highlighting, bookmarking, social networking, Social bookmarking, favorite-ing/local bookmarking, Searching, Googling.


interpreting, Summarizing, inferring, paraphrasing, classifying, comparing, explaining, exemplifying, Advanced searching, Boolean searching, blog journaling, twittering, categorizing and tagging, commenting, annotating, subscribing.


The digital additions and their justifications are as follows:

  • Running and operating – This is the action of initiating a program or operating and manipulating hardware and applications to obtain a basic goal or objective.
  • Playing – The increasing emergence of games as a mode of education leads to the inclusion of this term in the list. Students who successfully play or operate a game are showing understanding of process and task and application of skills.
  • Uploading and Sharing – uploading materials to websites and the sharing of materials via sites like flickr etc. This is a simple form of collaboration, a higher order thinking skill.
  • Hacking – hacking in its simpler forms is applying a simple set of rules to achieve a goal or objective.
  • Editing – With most media, editing is a process or a procedure that the editor employs


comparing, organizing, deconstructing, Attributing, outlining, finding, structuring, integrating, Mashing, linking, reverse-engineering, cracking, mind-mapping, validating, tagging.


The digital additions and their explanations are as follows:

  • Blog/vlog commenting and reflecting – Constructive criticism and reflective practice are often facilitated by the use of blogs and video blogs. Students commenting and replying to postings have to evaluate the material in context and reply.
  • Posting – posting comments to blogs, discussion boards, threaded discussions. These are increasingly common elements of students’ daily practice. Good postings like good comments, are not simple one-line answers but rather are structured and constructed to evaluate the topic or concept.
  • Moderating – This is high level evaluation; the moderator must be able to evaluate a posting or comment from a variety of perspectives, assessing its worth, value and appropriateness.
  • Collaborating and networking – Collaboration is an increasing feature of education. In a world increasingly focused on communication, collaboration leading to collective intelligence is a key aspect. Effective collaboration involves evaluating the strengths and abilities of the participants and evaluating the contribution they make. Networking is a feature of collaboration, contacting and communicating with relevant person via a network of associates.
  • Testing (Alpha and Beta) – Testing of applications, processes and procedures is a key element in the development of any tool. To be an effective tester you must have the ability to analyze the purpose of the tool or process


designing, constructing, planning, producing, inventing, devising, making, programming, filming, animating, Blogging, Video blogging, mixing, remixing, wiki-ing, publishing, videocasting, podcasting, directing/producing, creating or building mash ups.

This article helps me to interblend the elements of Bloom’s Taxonomy that I know by heart with 21st century tools and teaching possibilities.




2 Responses to “21st Century Bloom”

  1. dancingnancy533 Says:

    During my undergrad work, Bloom was pounded into our heads in every education class. But never have I seen it expressed using terminology from the 21st Century. I like the contents of the evaluating section because in this class we are doing a lot of those things. We can be start using these tools within our classroom to meet this level of 21st Bloom.

  2. Pam Callahan Says:

    Thank you for posting this article and the summary for it. Your writing shows a nice transition from the 20th to 21st century. KUDOS!!!!

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